Inglourious Basterds theatrical poster
|Directed by||Quentin Tarantino|
|Produced by||Lawrence Bender|
|Written by||Quentin Tarantino|
|Narrated by||Samuel L. Jackson|
|Starring|| Brad Pitt|
|Editing by||Sally Menke|
|Distributed by|| United States:|
The Weinstein Company
|Release date(s)|| May 20, 2009|
August 19, 2009
August 20, 2009
August 21, 2009
September 11, 2009
|Running time|| 148 min. (Cannes)|
149 min. (U.S.)
|Budget||$70 million |
Inglourious Basterds is a 2009 war film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino and starring Brad Pitt, Christoph Waltz, Mélanie Laurent, Michael Fassbender and Eli Roth. The film tells the fictional alternate history story of two plots to assassinate Nazi Germany's political leadership, one planned by a young French Jewish cinema proprietor, and the other by a team of Jewish-American soldiers led by First Lieutenant Aldo Raine.
The film is set in an alternate history of the Second World War in which the entire top leadership of Nazi Germany, namely Hitler, Göring, Goebbels and Bormann attend a film premiere in Paris celebrating the exploits of a German sniper who had managed to kill 300 American soldiers in Italy. The time frame of the film is set in early June 1944, after the D-Day landings but before the liberation of Paris.
The film tracks the separate attempts to kill Hitler by two disparate forces, one being "The Basterds", a motley crew of Jewish American soldiers out for revenge against the Nazis. The Basterds have a modus operandi whereby each man must cut off the scalp of a dead Nazi soldier, with orders to get 100 scalps each. The Basterds allow one German soldier to survive each incident so as to spread the news of the terror of their attacks. However, the Basterds carve a swastika into the forehead of that German. The other force concerns Shosanna (Mélanie Laurent), the only Jewish survivor of an attack led by SS-Standartenführer Hans Landa, also known as the "Jew Hunter" that had killed all her family. The Basterds and Shosanna remain unaware of each other throughout the film.
Chapter One - Once upon a time... in Nazi-occupied FranceEdit
The film opens in 1941 with Colonel Hans Landa, (Christoph Waltz), of the Waffen-SS, proudly known as the "Jew Hunter", interrogating Perrier LaPadite, a French dairy farmer, over rumours that he had been hiding a Jewish family, the Dreyfus. Landa manages to break down LaPadite and locates the hiding place of the Jews underneath the floorboards. He orders his soldiers to fire into the floorboards in order to kill the Jews. Shosanna Dreyfus, manages to escape unharmed (but covered in blood) and runs in horror. Hans Landa spares her life, and lets her flee.
Chapter Two - INGLOURIOUS BASTERDSEdit
In spring 1944, 1st Special Service Force Lieutenant Aldo Raine (Brad Pitt) recruits eight Jewish-American soldiers for a mission behind enemy lines, telling them they each owe him 100 Nazi scalps and will take no prisoners. The "Basterds" become so feared, Adolf Hitler (Martin Wuttke) personally interviews a soldier, Butz (Sönke Möhring). Butz relates how his squad was ambushed and his sergeant beaten to death with a baseball bat by Staff Sergeant Donny Donowitz (Eli Roth), the "Bear Jew" (feared as Golem by the German soldiers), when the sergeant refused to divulge information. Butz survived by providing the information, but Raine carved a swastika into his forehead with a knife.
Chapter Three - A GERMAN NIGHT IN PARISEdit
Shosanna is later seen in 1944, when she assumes the identity of "Emmanuelle Mimieux". She had also become the proprietress of a cinema, which is chosen by Frederick Zoller (Daniel Brühl), a spotlight-hungry sniper-turned-actor whose exploits are celebrated in the Nazi propaganda film, "Stolz der Nation" ("A Nation's Pride"), as the setting for the film premiere. Since he feels attracted to Shosanna, he manages to convince Goebbels to hold the premiere in her cinema. Shosanna, however, does not reciprocate his feelings. Shosanna realises that the presence of so many high ranking Nazi officials and officers provides an excellent opportunity for revenge. She resolves to burn down her cinema using the massive quantities of flammable nitrate film in her storage rooms during the premiere and makes a fourth reel in which she tells the Nazis present of her Jewish identity and revenge.
Chapter Four - OPERATION KINOEdit
In the meantime, the British have also learned of the Nazi leadership's plan to attend the premiere and dispatch a British officer, Lt. Archie Hicox (Michael Fassbender), to Paris to lead an attack on the cinema with the aid of "The Basterds" and a German double agent, an actress by the name of Bridget von Hammersmark (Diane Kruger).
Hammersmark arranges to meet Hicox and the Basterds in the basement of a French tavern. Unbeknown to her, however, the night of the rendezvous is also the occasion of a German staff sergeant celebrating the birth of his son with his soldier comrades. One of the German soldiers present strikes up a conversation with Hicox and notices that his accent is "odd". An SS officer, Major Dieter Hellstrom, who is in the tavern as well also notices that odd accent. When Hicox gives the wrong three fingered order for whiskies (without using his thumb, a traditional German gesture), the SS officer realizes their deception. A firefight breaks out in which the British officer and two of the "Basterds" are killed as is everyone in the tavern. Hammersmark is wounded in her left leg.
Chapter Five - REVENGE OF THE GIANT FACEEdit
Colonel Landa, now a SD officer, is able to retrieve one of Hammersmark's shoes from the scene of the firefight at the tavern and also an autographed napkin which Hammersmark had signed for the staff sergeant's son. He approaches Hammersmark and Raine in the cinema lobby and is able to easily see through their disguises, as none, even Raine, can speak any Italian or German. He questions Hammersmark alone and makes her try on the shoe he had retrieved from the tavern. He violently strangles her to death as a traitor, and orders the arrest of Raine.
In the closing stages of the film, Landa reveals himself to be a turncoat. He attempts to reach a deal with Raine's commanding officer via a two way radio in which he proposes to allow the assassination attempt against Hitler and the rest of the Nazi leadership to continue in return for safety, privileges, money, medals and a house for himself. He also reveals that he had planted Raine's stick of dynamite in Hitler's box at the cinema.
Zoller, uncomfortable with the way he is portrayed killing Americans in "Stolz der Nation", leaves the cinema auditorium and makes his way to the projectionist's room where Shosanna is planning her attack. Shosanna's assistant and lover, Marcel (Jacky Ido), is waiting behind the cinema screen ready to set alight nitrate film reels, which are highly combustible. Shosanna is unable to get rid of Zoller, who angrily confronts Shosanna about her behavior, and shoots him in the back, mortally wounding him. Afterwards, in an apparent moment of pity, realizing that Zoller is alive, she rolls him over, and he in turn, shoots her dead.
When the fourth reel of the film starts with Shosanna's speech to the Nazis assembled in the auditorium that she is a Jew and the audience is about to burn, Marcel sets the nitrate film alight thus causing a pandemonium in the auditorium. Meanwhile, Donny (Eli Roth) and Omar (Omar Doom) who had been seated amongst the Nazis in the auditorium, ambush Hitler's box and are able to gun down Hitler, Goebbels and the other Nazi leaders. As the cinema is engulfed in flames, Raine's men fire randomly into the crowd, who are attempting to flee. Escape is impossible, as Marcel had earlier locked and barred the auditorium doors. Additionally, the dynamite that was strapped to the Basterd's legs goes off. The cinema is destroyed in the subsequent inferno, killing all inside.
Landa sets off with Raine towards the American lines in Normandy where he intends to turn himself in, as part of the deal he had made with Raine's commanding officer. He surrenders to Raine and hands over his gun. Raine orders Landa to be handcuffed and shoots Landa's driver. The film ends with Raine carving a swastika into Landa's forehead and declaring that it may just be his greatest "masterpiece".
The Basterds (The Americans)Edit
- Brad Pitt as 1st Lieutenant Aldo Raine aka "Aldo the Apache": A fast-talking, thickly accented, vengeance-driven hillbilly from Maynardville, Tennessee, who puts together a team of eight Jewish American soldiers. He bears a rope burn on his neck, which was never mentioned in the film (the script hints that once upon a time, he might have survived a lynching somewhere). One of the film's main protagonists: the character has been described as "a voluble, freewheeling outlaw" similar to Jules Winnfield from Tarantino's Pulp Fiction. His first appearance in the film is a subtle homage to George Carlin's The Indian Sergeant routine. The character's name is a tribute to the character actor Aldo Ray, who appeared as a tough soldier in many WWII films such as Battle Cry and What Did You Do in the War, Daddy?.
- Eli Roth as Staff Sergeant Donny Donowitz aka "The Bear Jew": A huge and obnoxious "baseball bat-swinging Nazi hunter" from Boston who is known as "The Bear Jew" among Nazis. Some of them seem to fear that Donowitz is in fact, a vengeful golem, summoned by an angry rabbi. The role was originally conceived for Sandler, who was in talks with Tarantino before declining due to schedule conflicts with the film People. Roth also directed the film-within-a-film, entitled "Nation's Pride" (Stolz der Nation) which is a homage to Leni Riefenstahl's wartime propaganda flicks.
- Til Schweiger as Hugo Stiglitz: A strange and quiet German-born psychopath, former Feldwebel in the Wehrmacht who is recruited by Aldo to kill other Nazis. The character's name is a tribute to the famous 70s B-movie mexploitation actor Stiglitz.
- Gedeon Burkhard as Wilhelm Wicki: An Austro-German Jew who immigrated to the United States, becoming a citizen as the Third Reich established itself in Europe.
- B. J. Novak as PFC Smithson Utivich aka "The Little Man": In an interview with Esquire Magazine, Novak theorizes that PFC Utivich came from a family that named their son Smithson in an attempt to integrate themselves into the WASP-y mainstream and that signing up to fight the Nazis is his attempt to reclaim his Jewish heritage.
- Omar Doom as PFC Omar Ulmer
- Samm Levine as PFC Gerold Hirschberg
- Paul Rust as PFC Andy Kagan: A character Tarantino added in after meeting Rust.
- Michael Bacall as PFC Michael Zimmerman.
- Carlos Fidel as PFC Simon Sakowitz.
- Michael Fassbender as Lt. Archie Hicox: A "snappy and handsome British lieutenant" and a film critic in his pre-war civilian life. He is described in the script as a "young George Sanders type". One of the film's main protagonists, albeit introduced later in the movie. The character was originally intended to be played by Tim Roth, then later by Simon Pegg.
- Mike Myers as General Ed Fenech: A "legendary British military mastermind" who provides a plot to kill Nazi leadership. Based on the older George Sanders.
- Rod Taylor as Winston Churchill: The then-Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
- Mélanie Laurent as Shosanna Dreyfus: A young French-Jewish girl, whose family was murdered by the Nazis. One of the film's main protagonists, Tarantino states that Shosanna was "always a main character".
- Cloris Leachman as Mrs. Himmelstein: An elderly Jewish woman living in Boston. Although filmed, the scenes featuring Mrs. Himmelstein drinking tea with Donny Donowitz (and signing his trademark baseball bat afterwards) were cut from the final film. Tarantino says that he might use the footage in the prequel instead.
The Axis PowersEdit
- Christoph Waltz as Standartenführer Hans Landa aka "The Jew Hunter": A romantic, yet utterly sinister pipe-smoking Nazi Waffen-SS-turned-SD officer so nicknamed in reference to his keen ability to locate Jews hiding throughout France. Tarantino claims that if he had not found a perfect actor for the role, he "might have pulled the plug on the whole movie". Tarantino also remarked that this might be the greatest character he's ever written. A linguistic genius (it is obvious from the dialogue that he speaks perfect English, German, French and Italian) and a charming detective, Colonel Hans Landa is the primary antagonist of the film. For his performance, Christoph Waltz won the Best Actor Award in the 2009 Cannes Film Festival.
- Daniel Brühl as Gefreiter Fredrick Zoller: A young arrogant German Wehrmacht war hero starring in Joseph Goebbels' newest propaganda film entitled "Stolz der Nation" (which is actually directed by Eli Roth who is Jewish). This character name shares similarities to producer Frederick Zollo for whom Eli Roth was an intern for while attending NYU.
- August Diehl as Sturmbannführer Dieter Hellstrom: A uniformed Gestapo officer.
- Sönke Möhring as Gefreiter Butz.
- Richard Sammel as Feldwebel Werner Rachtman.
- Sylvester Groth as Joseph Goebbels.
- Martin Wuttke as Adolf Hitler.
- Diane Kruger as Bridget von Hammersmark: A popular film star in Nazi Germany and a spy for the Allies.
- Samuel L. Jackson as Narrator
- Bo Svenson as American colonel: Quentin Tarantino said he gave Svenson a small cameo that will be hard to recognise. He is the colonel in Nations Pride. He is seen briefly in in the movie but can be seen more close up in the Nations Pride trailer
- Julie Dreyfus as Francesca Mondino: Joseph Goebbel's mistress, French interpreter and favourite actress to appear in his films.
- Ludger Pistor as Wolfgang: A role Tarantino added specifically for him.
- Christian Berkel as Eric the Barkeeper.
- Maggie Cheung as Madame Ada Mimieux: Although her scenes were cut from the Cannes cut for length reasons, Cheung played Madame Mimieux, a beautiful French woman who owned the cinema marquee in Paris where most of the movie is set.
- Denis Menochet as Perrier LaPadite.
- Jacky Ido as Marcel: Shosanna's beloved and a projectionist at Mimeux's cinema. A man of quiet dignity.
- Jana Pallaske as Babette.
- Enzo G. Castellari as Obergruppenführer: A nameless Nazi General, although strangely credited as "himself" in the film. Castellari had done a Nazi cameo in his own Inglorious Bastards and reprised the role in this movie as well, but under a different rank and SS organization.
Harvey Keitel lends his voice as the Basterds' commanding officer, heard only over the radio in a call to Raine and Landa. According to IMDB, Tarantino is in the film as the voice of an American solider in Eli Roth's "Nation's Pride", and a dummy of him is the first dead nazi scalped in the film, and finally, he is also a fake shemp for Christoph Waltz's hands when he strangles Bridget von Hammersmark. Tarantino originally talked to Simon Pegg about portraying Lt. Archie Hicox, but the actor was forced to drop out due to scheduling difficulties  having already agreed to appear in Spielberg's Tintin adaptation. However, Pegg did make Tarantino promise to cast him in his next film. Also, Tarantino originally sought for Leonardo DiCaprio to be cast as Hans Landa,  a poetic Nazi colonel targeted by the resistance. The director then decided to instead have the character played by a German actor. The role ultimately went to Christoph Waltz, an Austrian actor who, according to Tarantino, "gave me my movie back." Jack White and Adam Sandler were both rumored to play a pair of the Basterds at one point.
- In 2005, Quentin Tarantino was quoted as saying that he had written the script, a World War II story, but that he needed to convert it to a shooting script. He said that writing the script and preparing a shooting script were "two different things".
- Tarantino started writing this movie before Kill Bill: Vol. 1 but could not decide on a good ending and decide to put it on hold to do "Kill Bill" with Uma Thurman, a project he had been mentally preparing since Pulp Fiction.
- Tarantino intended for this to be as much a war film as a spaghetti western, and considered titling the movie "Once Upon a Time in Nazi-Occupied France". He gave that title instead to the first chapter of the film.
- Quentin Tarantino worked on the script for almost a decade.
- The name of the film was inspired by a 1978 film, The Inglorious Bastards, and the misspelling is intentional to prevent confusion between the two films. The latter film is also about a group of American GIs wreaking havoc behind enemy lines, although the stories are wholly different in all other respects. (English Title: "The Inglorious Bastards"; the Italian title literally translates as "That Cursed Armored Train"). Castellari returned the favor by calling his new movie Caribbean Basterds.
- When asked about the misspelled title, director Quentin Tarantino gave the following answer: "Here's the thing. I'm never going to explain that. You do an artistic flourish like that, and to explain it would just take the piss out of it and invalidate the whole stroke in the first place."
- One of the movie posters shows a bloody German helmet dangling from an equally bloody baseball bat. Typically, one would see the logo "Hillerich and Bradsby Louisville, Kentucky" branded on a bat. However, the city reads "Knoxville TN", which is Quentin Tarantino's hometown.
- On German advertisement materials all swastikas were removed or covered up, as it was unclear to the distributor if the swastikas violated German law (which prohibits the exhibition of Nazi symbols except for purposes such as historical accuracy).
- This was Brad Pitt and Quentin Tarantino's first time working together, although Pitt Brad had co-starred in True Romance, which was written by Tarantino.
- The maestro Ennio Morricone said he was available to compose the soundtrack of the film, but eventually chose to give up in order to concentrate only on the music of "Baaria" (2009) by Giuseppe Tornatore. Several of Morricone's songs from other films were sampled in the film instead.
- According to Brad Pitt, the film was shot sequentially.
- Athough Quentin Tarantino wanted the film to be shown exclusively in 35mm, it ended up being shown in some digital locations.
- According to Eddie Murphy, he was in talks with Quentin Tarantino for a role in the film.
- Michael Madsen was originally announced to star as a character named Babe Buchinsky. This character was named for Charles Buchinsky, better known by his stage name Charles Bronson, who starred in The Dirty Dozen, an inspiration for Inglourious Basterds.
- Although the film is mostly in English, there are many scenes in other languages, such as French, German, Italian.
- Just like in Kill Bill, the events are divided by chapters.
- Roughly only 30% of the film is in spoken English, the language which dominates the film is either French or German, with a little Italian. Chapter Three of the film, 'German Night in Paris', is completely devoid of any English. This is highly unusual for a Hollywood production.
- The dialogue is in English for approximately 42% of the running time, in German for 28%, in French for 22%, and in Italian for 1%. There is a 54-minute stretch in which less than nine minutes of dialogue are in English, including 25 straight minutes in which no English is spoken.
- Although the film is mostly set in France, most of the scenes were filmed in Germany within the Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam, near Berlin. This studio, built in 1917, was also used to film Goebbels's propaganda films.
- Released theatrically in the US on the same day as Shorts by Robert Rodriguez. Quentin Tarantino and Rodriguez' last film was their collaboration Grindhouse.
- Rumor had it that Harvey Weinstein was trying to force Quentin Tarantino to cut 40 minutes of the movie (which ran 148 minutes) after getting feedback from Cannes Film Festival. However, Harvey denied this rumor, stating that Tarantino was reorganizing some scenes since he didn't have enough time to completely finish editing the film before sending it to Cannes, since he was given only six weeks to edit, whereas other directors are given normally six months to a year. In fact, the theatrical cut runs one minute longer than the cut that was premiered at Cannes.
- Quentin Tarantino's highest-grossing film since Pulp Fiction.
- This is the first Quentin Tarantino film to win an Oscar for acting: Christoph Waltz for Best Supporting Actor. Waltz later won the same Oscar again for Tarantino's Django unchained.
- As of 2013, this is Quentin Tarantino's film with the most Academy Award nominations, 8.
- The literary character Sherlock Holmes is referred to at least twice in the film. The first reference is Landa's smoking pipe, which is a Calabash Meerschaum, the exact same one that Holmes used. The other is Landa's line, "A damn good detective. Finding people is my specialty."
- Hermann Göring and Martin Bormann appeared in the film but they have no lines and are pointed out only by drawn lines.
- Sylvester Groth, who portrayed Goebbels, also portrayed him in the 2007 film Mein Führer – Die wirklich wahrste Wahrheit über Adolf Hitler.
- Leonardo DiCaprio was the first choice for Col. Hans Landa, but Quentin Tarantino then decided that a German-speaking actor should play the part.
- The name of Til Schweiger's character, Sgt. Hugo Stiglitz, is a homage to Mexican B-movie actor Hugo Stiglitz.
- Eli Roth directed the film-within-the-film, "Nation's Pride". Quentin Tarantino asked Roth to direct the short, and Roth requested his brother Gabriel Roth join him to direct behind a second camera, which Tarantino agreed to. In two days the brothers got 130 camera setups, and Tarantino was so pleased he gave Roth a third day that he was originally planning to shoot with actor Daniel Brühl. Roth got 50 more setups the third day, much to Tarantino's delight. The total running time of the short is 5:30, and was always intended to feel like pieces of a longer film, not a coherent short.
- WILHELM SCREAM: The Scream appears during two deaths in the film. The first half-second of the sound clip appears about 90 minutes into the movie, and the remainder of the scream appears about 20 minutes later. In the film-within-the-film, "Nation's Pride", the Wilhelm Scream can be heard when a soldier is shot and falls from an upper window.
- The final cut of the film ran three hours and ten minutes. Before its first public showing, Quentin Tarantino and Sally Menke cut it down to its final length in two days.
- At the end of each take, actors would face the camera and say "Hello Sally", referring to Sally Menke, the film's editor. This practice has occurred since Quentin Tarantino's previous movies (such as Kill Bill: Vol. 1, Kill Bill: Vol. 2, Death Proof). Inglourious Basterds was the last film by Tarantino to be edited by Menke, whose work was honored in 2010 with her final Academy Award nomination for Best Editing, prior to her death later that year.
- Tom Tykwer translated the parts of the script that were to be in German.
- Quentin Tarantino had all of the actors playing the Basterds go through a day of "scalping training" in preparation for the movie, and told them that the three best practice scalpers would be rewarded with close-ups of them doing just that in the film. One of these moments comes in the very last scene, when Pfc. Smithson Utivich scalps Landa's driver after Aldo shoots and kills him.
- Director Enzo G. Castellari of The Inglorious Bastards allowed Quentin Tarantino to use the title Inglourious Basterds in exchange for a cameo as a general yelling "Fire!" (as Castellari appears in his own film). Tarantino filmed Castellari as a general in the cinema pointing out the burning screen, but the scene did not make the theatrical cut.
- As with all his films, there are blatant mistakes and errors inserted on purpose. One example of this can be found in the English subtitles of characters speaking in a foreign language. Occasionally, the foreign word is inserted into the subtitle. Example: When Col. Landa is speaking to the French farmer, he says "Oui" which is French for "Yes". Instead of the word "Yes" appearing in the subtitle, the word "Oui" appears despite the fact that the rest of the French dialog is translated to English.
- Tarantino typically has a trio of identical background characters moving together in unison. In this film, it is three German school girls in identical uniforms passing Col. Hans Landa as he goes down the staircase in the cinema
- Other trios from the film: Perrier LaPadite also has three daughters; during the ambush, there are only three survivors; Hitler rants at two generals; Butz is escorted to Hitler by two guards; in the cinema opera box, there are Hitler, Goebbels and Francesca; Landa interrogates Aldo and Utivich alone.
- Only five characters in the movie appear in more than two chapters (Hans Landa, Aldo Raine, Donny Donowitz, Shosanna, and Adolf Hitler). Hans Landa appears in four chapters, the most of any character throughout the movie.
- The movie "The tragedy of Piz Palu" from 1929 (original title: "Die Weisse Hölle vom Piz Palu") and its director, Georg Wilhelm Pabst, are mentioned several times in the course of the film.
- At the beginning of the film Perrier's daughter is hanging sheets on the line to dry; however, the sheet she is securing to the line is already dry (it isn't wet). In those days, however, people hang their sheets to air them so they didn't have to wash them so often. So dry sheets would be hung.
- Col. Hans Landa claims the Bubonic Plague was caused by rats. However, the plague was caused by fleas on the rats, not the rats themselves. In the 1940s it was believed that rats were the cause so it is correct for Landa's character to be mistaken.
- Many of the subtitling "errors", such as "Merci" instead of "Thank You", are intentional, given that these phrases are interchangeable and can be understood without English translation.
- Archie refers to Aldo as "lootenant." Normally, a British officer would pronounce it "leftenant" among fellow British officers. Out of professional courtesy, however, British officers typically use the American pronunciation when dealing with American officers.
- The Scotch beverage is written as "whiskey". Scots write "whisky", but this is an American movie which uses American spellings.
- Colonel Landa is seen in uniform and he is wearing a Nazi Party pin. The German military was specifically excluded from being party members.
- Colonel Landa is an SS officer. Although members of the Wehrmacht were always expected to be apolitical the SS was the military arm of the Nazi Party, they were NOT members of the Wehrmacht.
- Roth claimed that they "almost got incinerated", during the theater fire scene, as they projected the fire would burn at 400 °C (750 °F), but it instead burned at 1200 °C (2000 °F). He claimed the golden swastika above the movie screen was not supposed to fall either, as it was fastened with steel cables, but the steel softened and snapped.
- Despite being a high-ranking Nazi officer, Heinrich Himmler is curiously missing from the film.
- The scene of the killing of Shoshanna's family, in the opening sequence of this film, is set in May, 1941 - one year into the German occupation of France. In reality, however, the rounding-up of French Jews in the German occupation zone of France only commenced in mid-1942, and the rounding-up of French Jews in the Vichy controlled zone of France commenced in 1943. Thus, the Dreyfus's execution in this film happens more than a year earlier than what it would have in reality, depending on what zone of France the family was hiding in.
- In the opening scene the small convoy winds up the road to the farm house, all the fields can be seen to be modern crops - not pasture as suggested in the plot - with 'tramlines' where modern sprayers have driven through the wheat, clearly visible.
- In the opening scenes at the farmhouse, it can be clearly seen that the fields have been farmed using mechanized farm equipment - the crop marks from spraying from tractors, for instance. Rural France before the 1960s in general and during the war in particular, was not mechanized in any meaningful way until an influx of wealth from Great Britain and Germany via the Common Agricultural Policy of the Common Market/European Community/European Union. It would all have been horse drawn or manual.
- In the first scene, when Perrier's daughter is spreading a sheet over a clothesline, a clothespin appears on the sheet between shots.
- When Landa arrives at LaPadite's farm, one of his subordinates refers to him as "Herr Oberst". As an SS officer, Landa would not be addressed using an Army rank. His correct title would be "Standartenführer".
- In the first chapter, Col. Landa's peaked hat is missing the Silver Braid just above the brim. In later chapters, the braid is attached to the hat.
- Standartenfuhrer Landa is wearing the correct rank patches on his collar, but they are pointing in the wrong direction. The top of the oak-leaf should point away from the head. Change them over and they would be correct.
- He is actually wearing the correct rank patches on his collar, but in some scenes they are pointing in the wrong direction.
- Landa enters the farmer's house and talks to the girls but a side angle shows his mouth not moving, despite sound coming out. It only starts moving when he says the word 'Monsieur'.
- When in the farmer's house, Landa's gloves on the table keep changing from wrinkled to straight depending on the angle.
- Landa says to Lapadite that Hitler fetched him from Austria. But Austria was a part of the German Reich at the time and was called "Ostmark".
- Near the beginning of the film, when Hans Landa is talking to Perrier LaPadite, there is a moth that visibly lands on Landa's glass and climbs to the top of it. When the camera angle changes, the moth is gone.
- La Padite starts his pipe and it should produce a decent billow of smoke to some of the air, but he soon puts it down and there is no trace of smoke anywhere in the small farmhouse.
- When Landa is with the French farmer, there's an iron nail on the table used to crush the tobacco that moves around depending on the angle.
- In the first chapter, when Col. Landa was talking to Perrier, the glass of milk he was drinking repeatedly moved positions back and forth, and the level of milk in the glasses changes.
- In chapter one, when Colonel Landa is sitting at the kitchen table with Perrier LaPadite, the shadow changes shape and "density" and sometimes disappears completely during different shots from the same camera angle. When Colonel Landa starts writing on the piece of paper, the shadow nearly covers half the table and is very dark, but then when we see the same camera angle a few seconds later, there's no shadow on the table. It then reappears again but of different length in another shot from the same angle about a minute later.
- During his conversation with LaPadite, Landa mentions Heydrich as being called "the Hangman" by the people of Prague. This conversation takes place in May 1941. However, Heydrich was appointed Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (which includes Prague) on 27 September 1941. In May 1941, few Czechs likely even knew who Heydrich was.
- During the same conversation, which is set in the year 1941, The SS Colonel refers posthumously to Reinhard Heydrich, "The Hangman," in his conversation with the French farmer and mentions that he had been assassinated; however, Heydrich was attacked and mortally wounded on the 27th of May, 1942, and died a week later on the 4th of June, 1942 - a year later than the time in which this scene of the film is set.
- When Landa is about to kill the Jews in the farmer's house, he stands up and the box of matches keeps changing positions on the table.
- When Col. Hans Landa's men shoot through the floor boards in LaPadite's house, the resultant bullet holes in the boards are funnel shaped, being larger in diameter at the top and smaller diameter at the bottom. In reality, the opposite would be true. The point of entry would be just a clean round hole with no funnel shape carved in the boards as seen from above the floor boards.
- Lt Aldo Raine is wearing the 1st Special Service Force unit insignia, yet later he is referred to as a "Secret Service" officer. Raine could be called a "Special Service" or a "Strategic Service" (OSS) officer, but not "Secret Service", which is the organization founded in 1865 and responsible for guarding the US President since 1894.
- During close-ups of Lt. Aldo Raine as he's addressing the eight Jewish-American soldiers, an ear piercing hole is clearly seen in his left earlobe. Men, especially soldiers, did not pierce their ears in the 1940s.
- When Lt. Raine introduces himself, he claims he took part in the invasion of Sicily. However, the map shown behind Adolf Hitler shows an incorrect representation of Axis forces/control for the time (showing North Africa and Sicily as still under Axis control).
- Lt. Aldo Raine says he is from the Smoky Mountains, and later from Maynardville, Tennessee. Maynardville is not actually in the Smoky Mountains, but in one of the East Tennessee valleys between the mountains (some distance north of the Smoky Mountains).
- When Lt Raine is speaking to the Basterds and says "We're into one thing", he is standing at the right side (Samm Levine's) of the formation. An instant later, when he says "Killin' Nazis", he is at the other end.
- During Adolf Hitler's first appearance we see a map of Europe and where Turkey is supposed to be, reads "Osmanien" (written in Fraktur, making the "s" look like a "t"). The Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1923 and Turkey was established in that region, approximately 20 years before when this movie is supposed to be taking place.
- In the ditch scene, while Lt. Aldo Raine questions the first of his three German prisoners Sgt. Werner Rachtmann, the latter's Close Combat clasp (worn over his left breast pocket) appears and disappears between scenes.
- When Hugo Stiglitz is introduced, we see a newspaper. There are initially 2 rows of 6 officers pictured on the front page, but when the paper's shown in close-up there are 7 officers' pictures in one row.
- When Sgt. Donowitz (a.k.a. The Bear Jew) beats the captured Nazi to death under the bridge, we see blood on the ground near the corpse, but when it switches to an overhead shot, the blood has disappeared.
- In the scene where the Bear Jew beats the German Sergeant to death with a baseball bat, the sergeant's head basically explodes into a mass of blood at the end of the beating. In a later shot, the sergeant's body is shown lying on the ground with the head intact.
- After Sgt. Donowitz ("The Bear Jew") kills the German soldier with the bat, he struts about shouting a "play-by-play" account of his action. During this, he uses the phrase "He [Teddy Ballgame] went yard!", meaning hitting a home run. The term "goes yard" was not used for a home run until the 1990s.
- Shosanna is introduced working on her marquee in Paris, "4 years later". Yet this occurs in 1944 and the previous scene in 1941. That's 3 years, not 4.
- When Shoshanna meets Zoller, there's a strand of hair falling by her left cheek which appears or disappears depending on the angle focusing.
- When Shosanna first meets Zoller, she is taking the red letters of the board at the cinema and throwing them down to a canvas sheet on the ground. The letters move around on the canvas throughout the scene when the camera angles shows Zoller from above.
- Shosanna is dropping the letters onto the ground while talking to Zoller. In the last two or three high angle shots before she descends the ladder, they're suddenly positioned differently from how they were before.
- Shosanna and Zoller are talking outside the theatre. It is supposed to be June in Paris and you can see them breathing like it is winter time.
- When Mélanie Laurent is updating the sign outside the cinema, the red characters are see-through, and she throws them at a stack from the top of the ladder. This implicates they are made from a see-through, hard to break material like poly-carbonate. These characters would not have been available during WWII.
- When Shosanna is on the ladder for the second time, before the Germans come to take her, she is cleaning black letters. She cleans 2 different letters, one of them a 'u', another one, and the 'l' remains uncleaned. The next shot you can see only the 'l' has been cleaned.
- The movie theater is lit entirely by fluorescent lighting; such technology was unavailable during World War II except for the war effort (i.e. lighting factories).
- In the scene in which Colonel Landa and Shosanna are talking in the café, Landa orders an espresso for himself, along with a glass of milk for Shosanna and two strudels. When the order arrives on a tray, the cup of espresso is seen briefly in one shot. The film then cuts to a close-up of the tray, and the espresso has disappeared, despite no-one having put it down. In the next shot of the table, the espresso has appeared beside Landa.
- The second time the server scoops up some of the cream, it falls off of the fork, but still ends up on Landa's dessert.
- When Hans Landa is talking to Shoshanna after ordering strudel for her he offers her a cigarette and lights one for himself. His cigarette doesn't appear to be lit when he removes his lighter but in the next shot there is half an inch of ash on it.
- When the Lieutenant meets the General and Sir Winston Churchill, the strings are hanging out of his beret which is the French style, not the American or British style (unless the Director was trying to show the character's lack of military bearing).
- When we first see him in Royal Marines uniform, Hicox is wearing a beret with a short 'tail' (the end of the drawstring used to tighten the beret). This is indeed a feature of military berets in some countries, but not in Britain.
- Fenech salutes with no head dress on, which is incorrect British military custom. He would instead acknowledge the salute with a nod. The same is true for the German soldiers in the bar.
- When the British soldier Lt. Archie Hicox is introduced to his superiors, he is instructed to "stand at ease" which is still a formal position, but Hicox "stands easy", which allows him to relax arms and move the feet.
- Lt Hicox said prior to the war he wrote a book about the film director GW Pabst, who described as being German. If Hicox really wrote Pabst's biography, he would know that Pabst was Austrian.
- In the Operation Kino briefing scene, in the shot where General Fenech and Lt. Hicox drink to "down with Hitler", Fenech is holding his staff in his left hand along with his blue file folder. In the next shot, as Fenech asks Hicox if he is familiar with German cinema under the Third Reich, the staff is suddenly no longer in his hand, but being held pinned under his left arm. In the following shot, Fenech is instantaneously once again holding both the folder and staff in his left hand.
- Lt. Archie Hicox uses the phrase "Paris, when it sizzles," which was a lyric from Cole Porter's play "Can-Can" ("I Love Paris"), not written until the 1950s. Porter coined the phrase, he didn't just adopt it from general usage.
- Hugo Stiglitz is shown slowly sharpening his knife. At the end of each stroke there is an ominous "shhhlick" sound as he twists the blade with a flick. This would actually remove the edge he is attempting to sharpen, and dull the blade.
- As the German soldiers in the bar play the card game one of them is "Winnetou", a fictional Apache created by Karl May and a very popular book series. When he guesses his character he stands up and imitates a gesture with his arm - moving it away from his heart saying "I am Winnetou!" This gesture was used first by actor Pierre Brice playing Winnetou in Treasure of Silver Lake.
- During the card game, Bridget's card reads "Genghis Khan". However, since the game was played entirely by Germans, they would have used the German spelling, "Dschingis Khan". (Also, when leaving the table, Bridget comments that she never would have guessed it and uses the English pronunciation, even though she's speaking German.)
- In the tavern scene there is a female Nazi sergeant. There were no female soldiers in the Third Reich, except of helpers for AA guns, medical orderlies, and aircraft mechanics in the Luftwaffe.
- At various times during the movie the distinctive enamel decorated Perrier-Jouet cuvée Belle Epoque champagne bottle is shown. Although this bottle design was created in 1902 by Emile Galle it was quickly forgotten. In 1964, Pierre Ernst discovered four of these bottles and the design was re-released two years later to celebrate the seventieth birthday of Duke Ellington.
- When Eric first talks to Bridget, he calls her "Frau" instead of "Fräulein". "Frau" implies she is married and/or elderly, which Bridget isn't.
- When he speaks to her, twice, he calls her "Frau" and in between that time he refers to her as "Fräulein".
- During the whole movie the character of Diane Kruger is referred as "fräulein" in the subtitles that translate the German language into English. The correct grammar would be "Fräulein", the first letter being a capital. It is a noun like Herr or Frau (Mister or Mistress).
- The Gestapo officer in the tavern is shown wearing a M1932 Allgemeine-SS uniform, which was made famous by the SS in the 1930s. A Gestapo agent would not have worn one, especially in 1944, as its use had been abolished in 1942. They would have instead appeared either in civilian attire or in an SS-style gray field uniform similar to Landa's.
- In one of the shots in the pub scene, when the German major is sitting at the officers' table, Lt. Archie Hicox has his right arm around Bridget von Hammersmark, but in the next scene his arm is on the table.
- In the scene where they are playing 20 questions, the barmaid and the barman are invited to join in, in the next shot they are back behind the bar and then a few moments later they are playing 20 questions again.
- After Mathilda has taken Bridget's place to join the quiz game with the soldiers, bartender Eric leaves the counter and walks over to assist her. He is shown standing left behind her. Then the camera cuts to the officers' table. In the background Eric is shown standing behind the counter again.
- The card the SS officer sticks to his head in the bar is initially quite low over his eyes and at a slight angle. Later in the scene it's moved slightly higher up and straighter, without him touching it.
- The Brigitte Horney card on Archie Hilcox's forehead changes direction in between takes.
- The level of beer in the glass, shaped like a boot, of the Nazi-officer in the basement pub, changes between shots.
- In the bar, when Dieter Hellstrom has successfully found out that King Kong was on his playing card, he takes the card off and puts it on the table. In the next shot, filming Cpl. Wicki over the shoulder of Hellstrom, the playing card is still on the forehead of Hellstrom.
- As the conversational confrontation between Hicox and Hellstrom gets more and more heated in the basement tavern, there is a scene where Hicox's right hand is in an arched position on the table, but the next scene it's flat and not visible. This happens a couple of times.
- When Bridget von Hammersmark is in the pub, and the SS Officers are offering them a 33-year-old whiskey, you can see that the beer foam in the glass on the table is changing between the shots.
- In the tavern scene, when the SS officer tells Lt. Hickox that he is no more German than the scotch they are drinking, Hickox is sitting back against the back of his chair. In the following shot, which shows Eric the bartender slowly reaching for his shotgun, Hickox can be seen in the background leaning forward in his chair. In the next shot, Hickox is suddenly once again sitting back in his chair as he was before. It is implausible that Hickox would have or even could have changed seating positions so quickly or abruptly.
- In the basement scene, when Eric, the bartender reaches for his gun, in the background, you see Hicox and Stiglitz with their guns aimed at Hellstrom. At that point in the scene, however, Hicox hasn't yet revealed that he's been aiming his gun at him, nor has Stiglitz made his move to Hellstrom's crotch.
- In the basement bar scene, Stiglitz's hand is under the SS officer's arm. When he shoots, his arm is over the officer's arm.
- When Lt. Hicox says "And seeing as I might be rapping on the door momentarily", he uses "momentarily" in the sense of "in a moment". In the British English of the time, "momentarily" would have exclusively meant "for a moment", so he would not have used that word.
- In the tavern scene, when Bridget von Hammersmark is shot she falls backwards in her chair to the floor; but a moment later, when we see the room after the shoot out, her chair is still upright at the table.
- After the shootout in the La Louisiane tavern, Bridget von Hammersmark's silver earrings completely disappear only to later reappear in the scene at the veterinary hospital shortly thereafter.
- Stiglitz's eyelid moves several times when Landa examines him, hours after he's been killed.
- After the bar-basement fight, when Landa is identifying soldiers, he says that Wicki "immigrated to the United States" when he should have said that he "emigrated", as Landa was standing in the country from which Wicki left. If he has been in the US, the country to which Wicki emigrated, then he would have been correct in saying that Wicki "immigrated to the United States".
- After the basement bar fight, Landa identifies one of the basterds as Cpl. Wicki, stating/implying that he was a German Jew who emigrated to the US before the war. However, Wicki is neither a 'typical' Jewish name, nor a German name but in fact a typical (and fairly common) name in Central Switzerland. If he was a Swiss Jew, Wicki would have most probably fled to Switzerland, but Landa doesn't mention anything in this direction concerning Wicki's family name and fate, which seems improbable since Wicki is a foreign sounding name to Germans and since Landa cares to show off his military intelligence.
- Shoshanna's red dress worn has "invisible" plastic coil zippers inserted in the sleeve ends and center back, a technology that did not exist during WW2. Invisible zippers are a clean solution but no doubt, the designer didn't anticipate a close up of the inside sleeve, nor the evidential zipper pull at the dress center back.
- At the premier, Pvt. Zoller is in his full dress uniform with all his decorations. He wears the Knight's Cross with oak leaves, swords, and cut diamonds around his neck and the Iron Cross 2nd class on his chest. However, conspicuously absent is the Iron Cross 1st class, which he certainly would've worn to the occasion (see where Adolf Hitler wears his), and which is necessary to receive the Knight's Cross. Without the 1st class award, he could not have received a Knight's Cross let alone with oak leaves, swords, and cut diamonds.
- At the premiere, Pvt. Zoller wears his Knight's Cross around his neck but when in uniform in all other scenes, he is without it. The Knight's Cross was one of the highest orders the Third Reich bestowed upon soldiers and when in any uniform Zoller would have worn it around the neck.
- The German sniper's name is Friedrich Zoller, and he is called that, but the movie posters spell his name in the Anglicized version as Frederick.
- The highly flammable nitro film of the period plays a major role in the film's showdown. However, in the projection booth, projectors are show with visible running film reels, which would have been totally unthinkable at that time. All projectors were equipped with fire proof boxes in which the reels would run. These boxes had only small windows for the projectionist to check for the amount of run off or taken up film. If the film started burning, only the few inches actually running through the mechanics would be affected, not the major portions in the fire proof boxes.
- In scene when Bridget von Hammersmark is being strangled you can see crack in the plaster on her leg, allowing her to take it off. Best seen in shot taken from under her feet, right before she stops struggling.
- When Shosanna takes the specially prepared fourth reel (with her 'surprise' for the Nazis) out of the case, her hair is down and hanging loose. In the next shot, just a few seconds later, as she is putting the reel on the projector, her hair is pinned back. Some time after this, when the bell on her projector tinkles to let her know it's time to switch reels, she glances out the projector porthole at the audience and we see her hair is again down and hanging loose. As she pulls the lever to activate the reel, just a few seconds after this, her hair is once again pinned back, remaining this way throughout her final scene.
- In the tavern scene in which Landa sits across from Raine and Utivich, one of the black studs on Raine's tuxedo shirt is missing but appears in the next shot.
- When Colonel Landa approaches Bridget Von Hammersmark at the premiere the camera shows her with her hands on her hips as she says, "Colonel Landa, it's been years. Dashing as ever I see". In the very next shot she and Landa are holding hands when they kiss on the cheek.
- When Landa has Raine and Uitivich as prisoners, and is gesturing toward the telephone, the handset is connected to the phone with a perfectly coiled black cord that didn't exist until after 1960.
- When Colonel Landa offers to surrender in exchange for not warning Hitler he is about to burned alive in the Paris cinema he points to a telephone with a rotary dial with alpha-numeric characters. That was a feature of North American telephones after WWII.
- Landa claims that if they [the Basterds] want to end the war they must kill Hitler, Goebbels, Göring and Bormann, however he completely forgets Himmler and Karl Dönitz, who are just as important as the former four.
- When Colonel Landa speaks with Lieutenant Raines and Private Utivich about chances being "999-point-999 out of one million" it appears he misspoke. However, when counting in Germany, a period is used where a comma would be used in the English world, and vice-versa. He did mean 999,999 out of one million but mistranslated.
- Reflection of camera and operator is visible on the short wave radio mike that Landa's holding when speaking to the American general.
- When Lt. Raine is speaking to his general over the radio, the general ends the transmission by saying, "Over and out." This is incorrect radio protocol in the U.S. military. The proper procedure is for the person ending the transmission to simply say, "Out."
- When Donny goes to see if Hitler has arrived, we see the sentry that will be later shot by Omar, and other one with shorter hair. However, when Zoller leaves the opera box, the other guard gets replaced by a bald man. It's unknown how he got replaced, considering that moments after Donny goes back in the auditorium to call Omar with him, Marcel locks the cinema and it's unlikely that he could of done that if the sentries would wander around.
- Shoshanna kills Zoller, then approaches him and kicks a film can, which moves farther away. In the next shot, the can has moved backwards and is close to her ankle again.
- After Donny and Omar kill Adolf Hitler and Josef Goebbels in the Opera box, as they begin to fire randomly into the panicking crowd, Donny's white shirt is clean and spotless. Each successive view of him as he continues firing into the crowd, shows his shirt becoming more and more blood-spattered even though the crowd he is firing into, is more than ten feet below him on the floor of the auditorium. The only people close enough to spatter his shirt with blood were Hitler, Goebbels and the woman companion, who they'd already killed before any blood is shown on Donny's shirt.
- In the final theater scene, when the moviegoers are fleeing the fire and the Basterds are firing from above into the crowd, a woman extra gets shot in the back several times and when she falls forward (dead or dying, presumably), she grabs on to her hat to make sure it doesn't fall off.
- In the final scene between Aldo and Landa before he carves the swastika into the German's forehead, Pitts' tie changes three times. First scene it is on both sides of his neck. Second scene it has disappeared from the right side, and the third scene, it is back completely around his neck again.
- In the last scene, Aldo shoots Herrman. In the shot where he shoots Herrman it is seen that he falls facing away from Aldo, i.e. is the farthest away from Aldo. But later when Uitivich is scalping Herrman we see that Herrman's head is facing Aldo. This can be proved because Uitivich even looks up in Aldo's direction.
- In the final scene, Landa is handcuffed by Utivich, but when he is being "marked" by Raine, his hands are free and gripping the grass.
- In the last scene where Aldo is carving a swastika in Landa's forehead Aldo is carving the bottom of the Swastika to the left which is incorrect. In the next scene that mark is gone and he's correctly carving it to the right.
- In the opening credits for "Stolz der Nation," Joseph Goebbels' name is spelled "Goebbles." This is easily visible both in the actual film and in the "Stolz der Nation" bonus film on the DVD.
- In the German version, the French dialogs referring to English language ("anglais") have been re-dubbed to refer to German ("allemand"), as English dialogs have been dubbed into German. Also, in the scene with Private Butz the translations from German into English and vice versa have been re-dubbed into ironic comments by Wilhelm Wicki (which would not make sense otherwise, as both Aldo Raine and Pvt. Butz are talking German in the German dub).
- In Russia, two versions of the movie exist. One for the general showings, which has all dialogs dubbed into Russian except for French and Italian; and another, so-called "director's cut" where only the English passages are dubbed into Russian and the rest is subtitled.
- In the German version the first "Who am I?" game in the tavern scene runs slightly (ca. 1 minute) longer. Specifically, 'Winnetou' gets to ask more questions on who he is. Later he orders Schnaps from Mathilda.
Behind the scenesEdit
- ↑ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=inglouriousbasterds.htm
- ↑ http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=inglouriousbasterds.htm
- ↑ kdbuzz
- ↑ http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2008/08/08/2329383.htm?site=news
- ↑ http://www.slashfilm.com/eli-roth-in-inglorious-bastards/
- ↑ MTV.com
- ↑ tarantino.info
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/2008/09/25/basterds-start-training
- ↑ http://www.esquire.com/the-side/qa/bj-novak-interview-080709
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/2008/10/09/action-for-basterds
- ↑ http://www.aintitcool.com/node/37956
- ↑ http://www.movieline.com/2009/04/the-verge-paul-rust.php
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/wiki/index.php/Inglorious_Bastards_Credits_%26_Characters
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117990590.html
- ↑ http://www.purepeople.com/14760-SCOOP-Melanie-Laurent-vient-d-etre-choisie-par-Quentin-Tarantino-.html
- ↑ http://www.empireonline.com/features/tarantino-talks-inglourious-basterds-trailer/8.asp
- ↑ http://www.festival-cannes.com/en/theDailyArticle/56830.html
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/2009/01/24/pride-of-the-nation
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117991354.html
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/forum/index.php/topic,9302.msg239507.html#new
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/2009/05/22/maggie-cheung-is-not-a-basterd]
- ↑ http://www.theplaylist.blogspot.com
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/2008/11/11/an-asian-goddess-for-inglourious-basterds
- ↑ http://www.tarantino.info/2008/09/19/tarantino-has-found-an-inglorious-projectionist
- ↑ http://www.bild.de/BILD/berlin/leute/2008/09/19/city-talk-schausspieler-sylvester-groth/im-film-inglorious-bastards-von-quentin-tarantino-mit.html
- ↑ http://www.enzogcastellari.com
- ↑ http://www.festival-cannes.com/assets/Image/Direct/029846.pdf
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1118003930.html?categoryid=13&cs=1
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117990808.html
- ↑ http://www.aintitcool.com/?q=node/38528
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/VR1117988993.html
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117990111.html
- ↑ http://www.variety.com/index.asp?layout=festivals&jump=story&id=1061&articleid=VR1118003822&cs=1
- ↑ http://articles.latimes.com/2009/aug/16/entertainment/ca-roth16
- ↑ http://www.moviemistakes.com/film7857
- ↑ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0361748/goofs
- ↑ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0361748/alternateversions